These are the ideals. In the truly good, perfection can actually be attained. It is the optimism that enhances on realism. In this realm, evil is not just avoided, but non-existent. The self-motivating aspect of 改善 is most readily apparent. Actions are taken because they are correct and clearly beneficial to all. In following the graces (Patientia, Studia, Venia, Diligentia et Tenacitas, Humilitas, Benignitas, Fidelitas, Fides, Spes, Honos, and Amor) at every turn, true good can be attained, and they enhance the four healths (Spiritualmente, Emotivamente, Physiquement, and Intellectualmente) thus giving the four acumens (sagezza, charisma, puissance, and intelegencia).
These are what is primarily beneficial, but may come with a price. The good of the many at the cost of the few. A requirement of some struggle or pain to grow and become stronger. The great value in effort to attain something great lies here. It is where education, professionalism, and altruism flourish. The net result for the system is positive, and it moves toward a better dynamic balance either through balancing one system to allow one to work on others or through simply improving upon that system. In this area lies the realistic side of optimism. It goes beyond nature as it requires cultivation, often when one is not inclined to act upon it. It In this, habits are curved, and one goes beyond their nature to seek something better, even if at times it is hard to do. This is where the work for 改善 is done.
These are both what is hard to tell the goodness of and what has no bearing on morality. For there are many things that do not have to do with morality. Following one’s nature weather animal or human is simply existing. There are actions that can be guided to the good or evil, yet most are simply the actions of life. Breathing, for example, would fall in this category, as does eating. The former type are those that tend to have a net balance in their moral value or standing, things that are not for the betterment of the dynamic balance, but also do not detriment it. For example, an agreed upon exchange such as trading one’s free time for another’s enrichment. There may also be actions that seem to be the difficult to decide upon but benefit the most. Individuals do not suffer, yet there is some amount of sacrifice involved to benefit others. Here lies the circle of life, the wheel of rebirth, and the cleansing of soul. The most grey of the areas where neither is wright and neither is wrong. Dynamic balance most often exists here. Compromise.
These are the things that are well intentioned, but end up being for net loss in the system, destabilizing the dynamic balance. They tend to arise from extremism, unthoughtful following of instinct, and pride. The neutral evil are things that can be judged as wrong, but have the complications. Many times, the evil wrought is unintentional. The party causing it does not realize the effect that will come of it, or has convinced themselves that they are right in what they do, blinding themselves to the consequences and the fact that what they do runs against what it is that they tell themselves they believe. These are the truly unfortunate events that one cannot fully fault the one committing the act, but can surely see the wrongness of. The circumstances much affect the treatment of such acts and they should be best prevented through education and reasoned action.
These are the things that are simply wrong. They include the worst of the world, the reckless violence, cruelty, and irresponsibility that destroy lives. Rape, murder, pedophilia, knowing abuse, war, massacres all fall in this category; though, I shudder to name any, and am unwilling to delve into more. They are entirely unacceptable. They should be given only enough thought and attention to prevent them, yet people should be constantly vigilant with themselves to not act upon them and, if possible, avoid their mere thought.